Column Chromatography is the the first form of techniques developed in chromatography!

Column chromatography is the prototype or the basic type of chromatography. It was the first form of techniques developed in chromatography. One can easily explain the principle and procedure of chromatography using it.

Other types of chromatography techniques like high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), gas chromatography (GC), paper chromatography were developed with column chromatography as a module and making slight variations.

In-spite of many advanced methods of chromatography, still this method of chromatography is widely used in research and industry.

This chromatography is basically a type of adsorption chromatography techniques.

Here the separation of components depends upon the extent of adsorption to stationary phase. Here the stationary phase is a polar solid material packed in a vertical column made of glass or metal.